The ketogenic diet has become the latest and most trendy weight loss program. The ketogenic diet requires a minimal carbohydrate intake, a moderate protein intake, and a very high fat intake. Keto is a diet that changes your body into a fat-adapted state, with its high fat intake requiring the body to burn fat, rather than sugar as it normally would. With this being said, there is not much research of long term effects in regards to how keto can affect our body as it becomes a lifestyle shift. Once your body is completely fat-adapted, it enters ketosis, a normal metabolic process. However, once the body does not have enough glucose for energy, it burns stored fats instead, and finally, the body creates ketones.
A healthy, balanced diet does not create or use ketones, unless the body transitions to the ketogenic diet. It is important to note that high levels of ketones can lead to serious dehydration and a chemical imbalance in the blood- as well as acetone breath (one of the ketones created is acetone). For those who have diabetes- ketosis is a sign of an insufficient amount of insulin.
So, what do we know about the ketogenic diet? It burns fat and is effective in weight loss, but can send you into dehydration and can be dangerous for those with diabetes and high cholesterol, among other side effects. A healthy and balanced diet will suffice to not only lose, but to maintain a healthy weight, and a healthy mindset.