You may hear sports commentators mention concussion protocol after an athlete has had a forceful impact on the head or upper body. Concussions can be a serious injury, and when they go untreated, they can cause irreversible harm. Athletes are not the only people prone to concussions. Car accidents are also a common cause of head injuries, so knowing concussion symptoms and treatment options is crucial.
What Is A Concussion?
According to the CDC, a concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury. It is a result of brain matter violently moving inside the skull. This action can cause chemical changes to the brain and may sometimes damage brain cells. Bumps, jolts, or blows to the head or upper body are enough to cause a concussion, and side effects may manifest over days, weeks, or months depending on the individual case.
According to the Mayo Clinic, concussions can impede your brain function and cause temporary concentration, coordination, and memory issues. Most people fully recover from a concussion; however, sustaining many concussions over a long period of time can result in permanent brain damage.
There are three types of symptoms associated with being concussed – physical, cognitive, and behavioral. Physical symptoms refer to dizziness, blurred vision, trouble speaking, nausea, and sensitivity to light and noise. Cognitive symptoms involve impaired judgment, memory loss, confusion, and difficulty concentrating. Behavioral issues account for mood swings, aggression, lack of impulse control, and restlessness after a concussion.
The severity of a concussion is determined by the following grade levels:
Grade 1: No loss of consciousness, brief amnesia
Grade 2: Brief loss of consciousness, brief amnesia
Grade 3: Loss of consciousness for 5+ minutes, amnesia for 2+ days
Your doctor may test your cognitive skills, such as memory and concentration. Your doctor may use image testing to diagnose a concussion in severe cases. These tests reveal any damage or swelling in the brain. Concussion patients will be kept overnight for observation to ensure symptoms do not worsen.
Don’t Deal With a Concussion On Your Own
It is vital that you receive a proper diagnosis and treatment plan when concussed. It is also essential to confirm that you do not have a more serious condition. Dealing with a concussion can also be expensive. Your medical bills may pile up, and you may lose out on wages if you have to miss work. If you or a loved one has sustained a concussion in a car accident, call 1-800-PATH-247 for medical help.
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